Auto Parts Manufacturers

Industry Profile Report

Dive Deep into the industry with a 25+ page industry report (pdf format) including the following chapters

Industry Overview Current Conditions, Industry Structure, How Firms Operate, Industry Trends, Credit Underwriting & Risks, and Industry Forecast.

Call Preparation Call Prep Questions, Industry Terms, and Weblinks.

Financial Insights Working Capital, Capital Financing, Business Valuation, and Financial Benchmarks.

Industry Profile Excerpts

Industry Overview

The 3,700 auto parts manufacturers in the US produce components, modules, and systems for auto manufacturers (also known as original equipment manufacturers or OEMs), other parts suppliers, and the aftermarket. About 70% of automotive parts are for OEMs, while 30% are destined for the repair/modification market (aftermarket).

Vulnerability to Commodity Prices

Auto parts manufacturers are vulnerable to variability in costs of raw materials, particularly steel, oil, copper, resins, and rubber.

Dependence on Auto Industry

The auto industry is highly cyclical and sensitive to changes in economic conditions.

Industry size & Structure

The average auto parts manufacturer employs 150 workers and generates $65 million in annual revenue.

    • The auto parts manufacturing industry consists of about 3,700 companies that employ 553,000 workers and generate $241 billion annually.
    • Breakeven production for auto parts manufacturers is estimated to be between 13.5 million and 15 million units, according to the Original Equipment Suppliers Association.
    • The five major component systems in an average car include the body exterior (25% of total costs), interior (24%), electronics and electrical (18%), powertrain (18%), and chassis (15%), according to Munro & Associates.
    • Large companies include Adient, BorgWarner, and Lear.
                                    Industry Forecast
                                    Auto Parts Manufacturers Industry Growth
                                    Source: Vertical IQ and Inforum

                                    Recent Developments

                                    Jan 15, 2024 - Rising Demand for Hybrids
                                    • Hybrid market share is expected to grow in 2024 as consumers continue to see hybrids as a comfortable choice in a transition away from internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, according to Edmunds' “2024 Predictions” report in Repairer Driven News. The hybrid market share reached nearly 10% in November 2023, an increase of 99% year-over-year compared to the previous year’s 4.9% share. Hybrid vehicles are outpacing EV demand, as EV market share grew by 25% during the same period. According to Ivan Drury, director of insights at Edmunds, “Sales are taking off for the humble hybrid. You’d be hard-pressed to find a hybrid—they’re almost all sold out. They’re vehicles for people who want to live their life with more benefit and less complexity.” Shifts in consumer vehicle preferences affect demand for selected auto parts.
                                    • Auto parts manufacturers will have to monitor minimum wage changes, as 22 states increased their minimum wages in January 2024, according to USA Today. About half of the increases are automatic adjustments linked to inflation. States that raised their minimum wages in January 2024 include Hawaii ($14), Maryland ($15), Nebraska ($12), and Washington ($16.28). Several states are set to boost their minimum wage levels later this year, including Florida (up to $13 in September) and Nevada (up to $12 in July). According to the Economic Policy Institute, nearly 40 US cities and counties will increase their minimum wage rates above state levels at the start of the new year. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 an hour, and more than 20 states, primarily located in the South and the Midwest, use the federal minimum as their wage floor.
                                    • New data from Kelley Blue Book shows the average new vehicle price fell over 2% to $48,759 in December 2023 year over year and was slightly higher than the previous month, according to Cox Automotive. December marked the fourth consecutive month of lower year-over-year transaction prices, a rare event for the industry. The average price for a luxury vehicle dropped 8.8% to $62,523 in December 2023 year over year and dipped less than 1% month over month. According to Cox Automotive’s Michelle Krebs, “When we look at price strength, the pandemic created a seller’s market in which new vehicles were transacting above manufacturers’ suggested retail price in 2022. That market is all but gone now, as higher inventory has led to higher incentives and discounts – lower margins for dealers – and vehicles are now typically selling for under MSRP. The shift from a seller’s market to a buyer’s market is well underway.”
                                    • US manufacturing activity contracted in December 2023, falling below the baseline for growth for the fourteenth consecutive month, according to the Institute for Supply Management’s Manufacturing ISM Report on Business. The Manufacturing PMI registered 47.4% in December, up from the 46.7% recorded in November. A reading above 50% indicates manufacturing expansion. December’s New Orders Index remained in the contraction zone at 47.1%. The December Production Index was 50.3%, up from November’s 48.5%. Only one manufacturing industry tracked by the ISM reported growth in December: Primary Metals. The industries reporting contraction in December were Printing & Related Support Activities; Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Machinery; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Textile Mills; Petroleum & Coal Products; Paper Products; Wood Products; Fabricated Metal Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Furniture & Related Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Transportation Equipment; and Chemical Products.
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