Iron & Steel Mills


The 300 iron and steel producers in the US process iron ore, scrap metal, and other raw materials into semi-finished steel products. Products include iron ore, steel sheets (cold or hot rolled), strips, bars, plates, pilings, and rails. Major customers include fabricators, manufacturers, intermediate steel processors, and service centers that convert semi-finished steel into finished goods. Some companies are vertically integrated, and may own facilities to produce raw materials and/or finished steel products.

Competition From Alternative Materials

Depending on the end use, steel products compete with goods made from concrete, aluminum, plastics, wood, and composites.

Competition From Imports

Imports account for about 25% of the US iron and steel market.