Property & Casualty Insurance Carriers

Industry Profile Report

Dive Deep into the industry with a 25+ page industry report (pdf format) including the following chapters

Industry Overview Current Conditions, Industry Structure, How Firms Operate, Industry Trends, Credit Underwriting & Risks, and Industry Forecast.

Call Preparation Call Prep Questions, Industry Terms, and Weblinks.

Financial Insights Working Capital, Capital Financing, Business Valuation, and Financial Benchmarks.

Industry Profile Excerpts

Industry Overview

The 2,400 property and casualty insurance carriers in the US underwrite insurance policies that protect policy holders against losses that may occur as a result of property damage or liability. Major types of policies include vehicle property and liability; property and liability; and general liability. Other types of policies sold include health, life, and accident insurance. Large firms may offer reinsurance policies, which limit the amount insurers can lose.

Uncertainty Related to Risk and Losses

Success in the property and casualty insurance business is dependent on a firm’s ability to underwrite and price risk accurately and estimate losses.

Natural Disasters and Other Catastrophes

Damage and destruction due to natural disasters and other catastrophes expose property and casualty insurers to the financial burden of covering massive losses.

Industry size & Structure

The average property and casualty insurance carrier employs about 245 workers and generates $295 million annually.

    • The property and casualty insurance industry consists of about 2,400 firms that employ 588,000 workers and generate almost $708 billion annually.
    • The industry is highly concentrated; the top 50 companies account for about 82% of industry revenue.
    • Large firms include State Farm, Berkshire Hathaway, and Liberty Mutual.
                                Industry Forecast
                                Property & Casualty Insurance Carriers Industry Growth
                                Source: Vertical IQ and Inforum

                                Recent Developments

                                Nov 15, 2023 - Firms Have Increased Prices
                                • Property and casualty insurance carriers moderately increased their prices in the first eight months of 2023. Industry employment increased slightly during the period while wages for nonsupervisory employees increased moderately.
                                • The global cyber insurance market is set to witness substantial growth, estimated at $42.81 billion from 2022 to 2027, according to research and advisory firm Technavio. North America is expected to lead the growth, accounting for 57% during the forecast period. The high adoption of technologies, the upsurge in online transactions, and the expansion of the e-commerce sector are the primary catalysts propelling the cyber insurance market in North America.
                                • Hurricane Idalia became the 23rd “billion dollar” weather disaster to strike the US this year, eclipsing by September the previous annual record of 22 set in 2020, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The list also includes atmospheric rivers that dumped enormous amounts of rain on California, severe flooding in Vermont, and wildfires that decimated Lahaina on the Hawaiian island of Maui. The events so far this year have caused 253 direct and indirect fatalities and produced more than $57.6 billion in damage — a figure that likely will rise as officials continue to document losses from Tropical Storm Hilary in southern California and drought that persisted across parts of the Midwest and South. The US has experienced an average of about eight billion-dollar disasters annually over the past four decades. That average has jumped to nearly 18 events annually in the past five years. Five of the past six years have seen total losses in excess of $100 billion, when adjusted for inflation.
                                • The combination of ongoing climate change and increased commerce along inland waterways could result in greater workers’ compensation exposures, according to Risk & Insurance Magazine. Seamen and other maritime laborers who work daily — often with heavy or dangerous equipment in high-risk environments like tugboats, barges, fishing boats, drilling rigs, and platforms on inland waterways — face a host of workplace hazards. These include diving and dredge accidents, falls, heavy machinery malfunctions, or exposure to toxic chemicals such as asbestos or benzene. Climate change, which is causing extreme rain and flooding and contributing to higher water levels on rivers in some areas while causing drought and low water levels in others, will intensify those risks. Flooding and high-water marks are now happening in more places and more regularly than before, almost without warning, according to Risk & Insurance Magazine. On the other side of the climate change coin, drought is leading to lower water levels and a different set of workers’ compensation exposures. “Historically low water levels in the central US led to extensive delays in transport, barges ran aground and were stuck for weeks, and the transportation supply infrastructure was hobbled,” said Joe Paduda, principal of Health Strategy Associates. “Barges had to be off-loaded while still in transit to enable them to get by shallow areas, increasing potential injuries due to nonstandard loading and unloading operations. “These issues likely led to higher payroll costs and thus higher workers’ comp premiums. It is possible additional injuries occurred,” Paduda said.
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